China is running furtive surveillance of innocents’ lives online. And so are we


First published by The Spinoff

There is little to separate the methods of Zhenhua Data from those of the Peter Thiel founded Palantir, which has an office in Wellington alongside our spy agencies. It comes down to whether data-collection activities are seen as good or bad depending on who does it and under what circumstances, writes Paul Buchanan.

News that Zhenhua Data, an arm of China Zhenhua Electronics Group, itself a subsidiary of the military-connected China Electronic Information Industry Group, maintains a list of 800 New Zealanders on an “Overseas Key Information Database” that contains personal information on more than 2.4 million foreign individuals, has caused some consternation in Kiwi political circles.

The list of New Zealanders includes diplomats, politicians, community leaders, senior civil servants, defense and military officials, criminals, corporate figures, judges, B-list celebrities and Max Key. Complete with photos, information on these people is gleaned from public sources, particularly social media accounts, in what is one type of open-source intelligence gathering.

Involving 20 “collection sites” around the world (including the US, UK and Australia) the larger global canvass is a broad first cut that extends to family members of prominent figures, upon which subsequent analysis can be conducted in order to whittle down to particular persons of interest in search of vulnerabilities, pressure points, sources of leverage, influence or opportunity across a range of endeavours.

However, there is a context to these efforts because Zhenhua Data is not the first company to compile records on “high value” foreign individuals, nor is the People’s Republic of China the first or only state to (directly or indirectly) engage in this type of data collection.

Less than a decade ago, Edward Snowden revealed that US intelligence agencies and their Five Eyes counterparts shared information stored in a vast digital data bank obtained by bulk collection of personal data from US and foreign individuals and groups.

Information for actionable intelligence “nuggets” was extracted via data-mining using computer algorithms and, increasingly, artificial intelligence technologies. Although the bulk collection programme was later found to be illegal under US law, the practice of data-mining has continued in private and public sectors around the globe.

Anyone who uses social media has their personal information stored and analysed by the providers of such platforms, who then sell that data to other firms. For profit-oriented actors, the objective is to tailor product advertising based on consumer preferences and characteristics. For governments the objectives can be security-related or oriented towards more effective public good provision, such as for public health campaigns. The overall intent is to get an actionable read on the subjects of scrutiny.

Added to this is the fact that intelligence agencies have long used network analysis as an intelligence tool, most recently in the fight against violent extremism. The larger purpose of network analysis is to connect dots on a large scale by establishing overt and covert linkages between disparate entities, both individual and collective.

There are variations to network analyses, including what are known as “mosaic” and “spiderweb” tracing processes. Uncovering linkages helps forecasting because it can identify patterns of connection and behaviour, including funding sources, favours owed, personal ties, foibles and affectations.

More recently, bulk collection, data-mining and network analysis have been wedded to facial recognition technologies that provide real-time physical imagery to records compilation efforts. This includes images of people in groups or in public spaces, which can be frame-by-frame analysed in order to help discern hidden or covert interactions between members of suspected networks as well as specific individuals.

None of this is particularly new or particular to China. In fact, it is a routine task for intelligence agencies that is used as a first cut for more targeted scrutiny. Along with the Five Eyes partners, Israel and Russia have been pioneers in this field.

When taken together, open-source data-mining coupled with social network analysis using a combination of advanced computer technologies creates a chaff/wheat separation process that allows further specific targeting of individuals for purposes important to the state doing the undertaking. In the case of Zhenhua Data, the list of targets includes those designated as “politically exposed persons” and “special interest persons”.

Beyond general knowledge of “high value” individuals, the presumable objective of the exercise is to identify and locate hidden connections and personal/group vulnerabilities that can be leveraged for the benefit of the Chinese state. The application of specific designators provides an early filter in the process, from which more focused signals and human intelligence efforts can be subsequently directed.

Zhenhua Data is not alone in using its private business status as a front for or complement to state intelligence-gathering operations. The US firm Palantir, co-founded by New Zealand citizen Peter Thiel with seed money provided by the CIA venture capital arm In-Q-Tel, specialises in big data analysis, including software-based analytic synergies involving data mining, AI and facial recognition technologies. Palantir has an office near Pipitea House, Headquarters of the GCSB and SIS, and its local clients exclusively reside within the New Zealand Intelligence Community.

The question, therefore, is whether Zhenhua Data is doing anything different or more insidious than what Palantir does on a regular basis. The answer lies in ideology, geopolitics, values and alliances. In New Zealand Palantir works for the Five Eyes network and local intelligence and security agencies. Its relationship with the spies is hand-in-glove, so it has a western code of business conduct when dealing with confidential and private information and operates within the legal frameworks governing intelligence-gathering activities in western democracies.

Its orientation is western-centric, meaning that its geopolitical outlook is driven by the strategic concerns and threat assessments of western government clients. Although it may have a relationship with the New Zealand Police, it presumably is not involved in bulk-scale intelligence-gathering in New Zealand and what foreign data-mining and network analysis it does should serve the purposes of the New Zealand government. But the fact that Palantir and Five Eyes as a whole engage in mass data-mining and social network analysis is incontrovertible.

Dr Paul Buchanan. Photo / File
Dr Paul Buchanan. Photo / File

Zhenhua Data, in contrast, is believed to be a military-directed technology front. It is seen by western intelligence agencies as an integral component of Chinese “sharp power” projection whereby so-called “influence operations” are directed at the elites and broader society in targeted countries with the purpose of bending their political, economic and social systems in ways favorable to Chinese interests.

For the New Zealand security community, which as part of western-oriented security networks has identified China as a non-friendly actor in Defence white papers and Intelligence annual reports, Zhenhua Data is not a benign entity and its intent is not good. Numerous academic and political commentators concur with this assessment.

The issue seems to boil down to whether data-collection activities are seen as good or bad depending on who does it and under what circumstances, and where one’s loyalties lie.

In other words, how one sees Zhenhua Data’s data-gathering efforts depends on how one feels about China, the Chinese Communist Party, authoritarian rule and China’s move towards achieving Great Power status in world affairs. If one views authoritarians, China, the CCP or Chinese foreign policy with suspicion, then the view will be negative. If one perceives them with favour, then the perspective will be positive.

Conversely, if one views the activities of the Five Eyes network and partners like Palantir with suspicion, then Zhenhua Data’s list is of little consequence other than as a non-western equivalent to Palantir and an indicator of possible things to come.

Ultimately that is a matter of values projected onto real world practices. Stripped of the value assessment, Zhenhua Data is doing what it has to do in order for the PRC to achieve its long-term strategic goals.

Sort of like Palantir, Chinese style.

Dr Paul G Buchanan is the Director of 36th Parallel Assessments, a geopolitical and strategic analysis consultancy based in Auckland



Source link

Covid-19 coronavirus: Expert’s concern over app use drop-off



A downward trend in the number of Kiwis using the NZ Covid Tracer app has prompted a fresh appeal for people to keep doing their bit against Covid-19.

Dr Andrew Chen, a researcher at University of Auckland-based Koi Tū: The Centre for Informed Futures, has been observing daily numbers of QR code scans over the latest outbreak.

The day Auckland’s community outbreak was announced on August 11, there were some 30,659 scans.

The following Tuesday, with the city under lockdown and the rest of New Zealand at alert level 2, more than 1.1 million scans recorded.

Numbers followed a general upward trend over the next few weeks, reaching 1.7 million the week Auckland dropped down to level 2.5, and hitting a peak of 2,506,745 on September 5.

By September 14, the total had fallen to 1.6 million, before sliding further to 1.5 million on September 20 and 1,049,949 yesterday.

While there are now 2.2 million registered users of the app – with more than 64 million poster scans and three million manual data entries to date – Chen was worried people were becoming complacent again.

“I think what we are seeing is, initially people quickly got on board and started using the app to scan QR codes when it became mandatory, but now they might not necessarily see a direct benefit in scanning.”

He said regularly using the app was critical in being able to give contact tracing services a 14-day log of personal movement.

“It’s about protecting yourself, because the Ministry of Health can let you know more quickly and easily if you’ve been exposed to Covid-19.”

Just as importantly, it allowed tracers to track down others who might have been exposed to the virus, and having a log also meant they could match up cases, and potential transmission, where check-ins overlapped.

Modeller Professor Shaun Hendy, of Te Punaha Matatini, echoed Chen’s message to the public.

“We’ve been through this second outbreak and it’s perfectly understandable that people are starting to relax – but it’s important we keep up those scans,” he said.

“It’s the sort of thing that could prove essential if we have another outbreak, or if this one kicks off again. The more of us who are using it, the better.”





Source link

How Apple is warning you when an app is using your camera or microphone



IPhone users around the world have noticed a small orange dot appear ing at the top of the screen, leaving many baffled as to what it could be.

People who have updated the most recent version of iOS on their iPhones would have noticed the new orange dot feature.

It’s not been revealed the orange dot is a feature added to tell you if your microphone on your phone has been activated.

Many apps require access to your iPhone microphone in order to work.

Also, millions of iPhone users often download apps without understanding what permissions they are granting to the app itself.

The orange dot warns you your microphone is on which then allows you to work out what app or apps are requiring access.

The new iOS 14 software will also display a small green dot if the front-facing camera has been activated by an app.

The feature is similar to most laptops which turn on a small light to indicate the webcam is in use.

“An indicator appears at the top of your screen whenever an app is using your microphone or camera. And in Control Centre, you can see if an app has used them recently,” wrote Apple.

If you are keen to access the feature, you need to upgrade to iOS 14.

To do this you need to access your settings, then the general tab. Click software update for your phone to then install the new software.

The iOS 14 is compatible with:

iPhone 11

iPhone 11 Pro

iPhone 11 Pro Max

iPhone XS iPhone XS Max

iPhone XR

iPhone X

iPhone 8

iPhone 8 Plus

iPhone 7

iPhone 7 Plus

iPhone 6s

iPhone 6s Plus

iPhone SE (1st generation)

iPhone SE (2nd generation)

iPod touch (7th generation)





Source link

Covid 19 coronavirus: NZ’s genome sequencing effort ‘world leading’, but needs improvement


A review has described New Zealand’s genome sequencing effort as “world-leading” – but has still found room for improvement in steering the clever technology against Covid-19.

Genome sequencing creates a “genetic fingerprint” of a virus that’s infected a person, and can help public health officials untangle different cases involved an outbreak through their genetic sequences.

In New Zealand’s first wave of Covid-19, scientists sequenced the genomes of 649 separate cases to reveal nearly 300 different introductions from different parts of the world.

Sequencing proved just as crucial in the August outbreak, helping pick apart Auckland community cases – effectively informing the response to the cluster in real time.

“There were several instances where we were reassured that seemingly unconnected clusters were actually closely linked,” Prime Minister’s chief science adviser Professor Juliet Gerrard wrote in a post introducing the just-released review.

“There were other times when the specific mutation in a sequence significantly narrowed the search for the contact tracers.

“Without that information, we would have been in the dark about whether new cases lacking a known link to the cluster were due to another source, or were in fact linked to the community outbreak.”

The review, carried out by Environmental Protection Authority chief scientist Professor Michael Bunce, noted that half of Covid-19 cases that had received positive PCR tests had been sequenced.

New Zealand also stood as one of the few countries to publish a nationwide genome study.

But Bunce found there was a need to build capacity, speed up the delivery and processing of samples, and improve how genomic data is reported.

“The speed at which samples are shipped and genomes can be sequenced remains a priority if genomic data is going to be useful in real-time contact tracing and cluster analysis,” he found in the review.

There was further potential to further develop capacity to ensure there was no single point of failure that would disrupt the flow of genomic data when it might be needed urgently.

Bunce also found the reporting of genomic data could and should be improved.

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern talks with ESR scientist Dr Joep de Ligt during a visit to the ESR Covid-19 testing facility last month. Photo / RNZ
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern talks with ESR scientist Dr Joep de Ligt during a visit to the ESR Covid-19 testing facility last month. Photo / RNZ

That included embedding a “priority system” for genomic analysis that could rapidly report viral lineages from “urgent” samples to contact tracers, along with more consistent data presentation, and a closer working relationship between different scientists and officials.

Despite the high rate of sequencing, Bunce also found that missing genomic data from positive samples would continue to hamper efforts to pinpoint the sources of any outbreaks that might escape border quarantine.

“There is room to improve both processes and priorities in this area,” he said, adding that protocols should be put in place to sequence all samples that tested positive.

“This may require multiple samples be taken for every MIQ person, alternatively, rapid follow-up testing as soon as a positive PCR result is recorded.”

Those samples that failed to yield full viral genomes should be analysed using shorter fragments of the genomes, he said, ensuring that a viral strain could still be determined from even small sections of the virus.

More broadly, New Zealand needed to embrace genomic tools for the long-term monitoring of viral evolution.

“This is not simply an academic exercise, rather there is a pressing need to monitor the viral lineages that are circulating – akin to seasonal influenza tracking,” he said.

“This is vitally important once a vaccine is deployed in Aotearoa New Zealand and border restrictions are relaxed. Genetic characterisation of circulating lineages needs to become routine practice.”

Finally, he found a need to better communicate the science of genomics to the public.

“Given the public interest in this science, there is an opportunity to explain and educate about the wider benefits of genomic testing and technologies, including how vaccines are made and tested.”

ESR chief scientist Brett Cowan said the Crown research institute had been using genome sequencing and bioinformatics long before the pandemic and investing in technology and expertise.

“Obviously, the pandemic has called for higher levels of investment and speed for our scientists to provide solutions in this unique situation,” he said.

“ESR has made sizable investments in genome sequencing, including the purchase of a GridION to enable the fast throughput needed to have rapid impact.

“The review applauds our efforts thus far, and those of our collaborators, but calls for the science to keep moving and we are living that advice.”

ESR scientist Dr Joep de Ligt said he and colleagues were now working with a large number of experts around the country, from clinical microbiologists to epidemiologists.

“Sequencing is proving to be a valuable tool for New Zealand and we also want people to engage and understand it,” he said.

“Providing this information to the public for them to understand and dissect through platforms like NextStrain will help bring understanding and through that trust about the use of these technologies.”



Source link

The Social Dilemma: Why everyone is talking about Netflix doco



In the past 15 years social media platforms have become a hugely influential force in our lives.

People have been alternatively wowed by the connected world social media creates and scared by just how much data it collects and the impact it has on our lives.

Now a new Netflix documentary/drama, The Social Dilemma, has gone inside the workings of the platforms that have such a huge impact on our daily lives and it has left many shocked.

The film argues tech and social media platforms have been deliberately designed to addict us and profit off our attention and digs into the algorithms used to drive the content we see.

It quotes statistician Edward Tufte who says “there are only two industries that refer to their customers as ‘users’: illegal drugs and software” and warns that “if you’re not paying for the product, then you’re the product”.

It argues its our attention that is being sold to advertisers, and this is the main product not the services social media platforms build and deliver.

The film also includes a fictitious case study of a typical American family, where the two younger children are addicted to their phones and social media while their older sister tries to bring them back to the real world.

The teenage boy of the family becomes addicted to “extreme centrist” content fed to him by an algorithm and when he tries to attend a political rally, his sister is arrested trying to save him from violent protesters.

At first glance The Social Dilemma is enough to put you off social media and your smartphone for good, and that was the immediate reaction of many.

While some have been shocked by the documentary’s revelations, others have viewed it as a vindication of their long-issued warnings.

Former Google design ethicist and now president of the Centre for Humane Technology Tristan Harris is a key figure throughout the film, along with Harvard professor and “surveillance capitalism” expert Shoshana Zuboff and virtual reality pioneer Jaron Lanier among others.

Social media accounts for the Mozilla non-profit that makes the Firefox web browser and is focused on ensuring “the internet remains a public resource that is open and accessible to all” said the documentary brought up “serious and valid concerns about the impact of social media” to a broad audience, but said there were “glaring omissions”.

Deputy director of digital rights advocacy group Fight For The Future, Evan Greer, said it overplayed the addictiveness of social media and underplayed its real-world value.

“The problem with ignoring this is that it leads us toward ‘solutions’ to Big Tech that do more harm than good,” Greer added.

“Social media has given more people a voice in our democracy than ever before in history.

“None of this is to say that there aren’t huge problems with Big Tech social media companies like Facebook and Google… In fact, their business models are fundamentally incompatible with basic human rights and democracy, but no one wants to address the business model.”

She said banning things like microtargeted advertising and opaque algorithms that amplify posts based on engagement (Facebook’s so-called “rage machine”) would be more effective than focusing on individual choice over whether you use social media, or pressuring the companies to change.

US chess champion and comparative literature scholar Jennifer Shahade said the film was “overly negative, ageist and outrageously lacking in nuance, diversity or solutions”.

New media theorist and professor at Canada’s Simon Fraser University, Wendy Hui Kyong Chun, said despite its flaws the movie does raise the question of just what to do next.

The film has been received positively by reviewers with an 86 per cent approval rating on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes and is now available to stream on Netflix.





Source link

IOS 14: How Apple’s latest update will Marie Kondo your iPhone home screen


The latest iteration of the iPhone operating system will help clean up the chaos on your phone homepage.

The overdue introduction of a new range widgets means it will be easier than ever to arrange your phone’s home screen in a way that suits your life.

Apple’s artificial intelligence will also operate as your personal digital Marie Kondo, stepping up to neaten the ever-growing catalogue of apps on your phone.

READ MORE:
Apple unveils iOS 14, revealing the biggest changes coming to your iPhone this year
Apple iOS 14 surprise release brings Widgets, shocks developers
Apple makes its latest iPhone & iPad software available for public testing – the goodies you’ll find
How Apple is warning you when an app is using your camera or microphone

What’s more is that the change will also introduce “Smart Stack” widgets, which will figure out what apps you use the most and try to show you the right one depending on what time of day it is.

This could essentially save you swiping through numerous pages of apps before landing on the one you actually want.

Another change borrowed is the introduction of the app library, which works similar to the Android app drawer.

It organises your apps into different categories: Facebook and TikTok will go into a social folder for instance, while streaming apps like Netflix and Binge automatically go into Entertainment.

The ones you use most will also be given priority.

Apple's new widgets will neaten up your homepage. Photo / Getty Images
Apple’s new widgets will neaten up your homepage. Photo / Getty Images

While Apple is often praised for its innovation, the company has taken a more cautious approach toward introducing these changes – many of which are already available on Android.

One area where Android has long been dominant over its competitor is when it comes to navigation technology.

Despite repeated efforts, Apple simply hasn’t been able to deliver something as good as Google Maps.

However, the company promises that the latest iteration could be the one to finally challenge the supremacy of its Android-powered arch-rival.

One way it’s planning to do this is through the power of translation.

The updated app will use the Apple Neural Engine introduced from iPhone 8 onwards to recognise, transcribe and translate text so you can communicate with people when you don’t speak the same language.

Whether this is enough to pull users into its online labyrinth is yet to be seen.

The iOS 14 is compatible with:

• iPhone 11
• iPhone 11 Pro
• iPhone 11 Pro Max
• iPhone XS iPhone XS Max
• iPhone XR
• iPhone X
• iPhone 8
• iPhone 8 Plus
• iPhone 7
• iPhone 7 Plus
• iPhone 6s
• iPhone 6s Plus
• iPhone SE (1st generation)
• iPhone SE (2nd generation)
• iPod touch (7th generation)



Source link

America’s Cup: Spark launches ‘5G race zone’


Spark has launched a multimedia experience at Emirates Team NZ’s base at Wynyard Quarter, featuring seven interactive exhibits that give visitors “the opportunity to feel, create, learn and even smell all things sailing.”

The telco says the free exhibit (see video above) also serves as a preview for its 5G network, which will be launched in Auckland next month.

Vodafone launched 5G mobile service in the city (and Wellington, Christchurch and Queenstown) in December last year.

Spark launched its first 5G mobile service in Palmerston North in July.

Auckland is the second location the telco has identified on its upgrade roadmap, but it says others will follow ahead of Christmas.

With its 4G parter Huawei sidelined by the GCSB, Spark has drafted in Nokia Networks and Samsung to assist with its move to 5G, but says there could still be a role for the Chinese telecommunications giant later in the multi-year project.



Source link

NZX suffering more issues – NZ Herald



There were more problems for the NZX this morning, with the exchange’s website online but not displaying prices during the first hour of trading from 10am. It was back online after 11am.

A spokesman was not immediately aware if it was a daylight savings glitch, another DDoS cyber-attack or another issue.

It seemed the issue was affecting the NZX.com website only, with the exchange’s trading platform still operational (with A2 taking a heavy hit, according to Bloomberg).

The NZX came under a sustained DDoS (distributed denial of service) attack over the week from August 28, with the exchange drafting in multinational content delivery network Akamai and the GCSB to beef up its defences.

On Friday, ex RAF security expert Jeremy Jones told the Herald it was very likely “just a bunch of kids in Ukraine or Eastern Europe” who were hiring a bot net by the hour.

Jones says a state actor, or organised crime cyber-gang, would have deployed a ransomware attack that could would have given the attackers control of the NZX’s data until it paid up – or spent weeks rebuilding its systems.

Instead, they unleashed a DDoS (distributed denial of service) attack to send a flood of connection requests to the NZX’s website, rendering it inaccessible to regular users.

The attack was never going to damage any NZX systems or seize any of its data, and it was only a matter of time before the exchange marshalled sufficient defences (in the final event, it brought in the multi-national Akamai, and created a second website for market announcements. The GCSB was also in the frame).

Jones says the attackers probably did make a financial demand realised early on that they had no chance of being paid. He thinks they carried on attacking the NZX for several days regardless purely in a fit of pique.

The pique extended to DDoS attacks on companies listed on the NZX, as Jones learned as several of Theta’s clients were hit. “They were going through the list, one by one,” he says. It was all for nought, however, with the attacks easily repelled.



Source link

Mood of the boardroom: We need a technologically-driven plan



Business leaders are anxious to see the government plan for the future economic transformation that New Zealand needs to get back on track following the Covid-19 disruption, says EMA chief executive Brett O’Riley.

“When I say back on track, I don’t just mean a plan for recovery. It has got to be more significant than that. “We have a unique opportunity at this moment to achieve the fundamental and longstanding changes for our economy and our communities that the EMA and its members have been calling for over recent years.

“We want to see transformation of New Zealand into a more productive and resilient economy that is capable of generating the returns we will need to repay the Covid mountain of debt. This will take a new approach grounded in technology-driven change,” O’Riley says.

The opportunity is that hand in hand with the productivity growth can come the development of higher-skilled and consequently higher-paid jobs in globally competitive sectors. “We need to decide where we want our productivity to be and purposefully invest towards that goal.”

The late Sir Paul Callaghan set out some of this direction. Sir Paul’s vision for New Zealand was a place where talent wants to live, with a strong focus on growing technology penetration in traditional sectors and growing the high-tech sector itself.

History also records New Zealand being willing to make bold calls on infrastructure that has enabled growth. The EMA and the BusinessNZ Network have advocated hard over recent years to get this long-term thinking back on the table and it has been pleasing to see this a big part of the election policies to date, says O’Riley.

“So we have some of these pieces of the transformation jigsaw taking shape, but we need an integrated plan that brings it together. It should be a plan led by the private sector and iwi — as inter-generational investors — in partnership with government. The plan should also attract third party investment and skills from investor migrants and returning Kiwis.

“We also need a plan that addresses the productivity challenge across multiple sectors, including a skills development regime that develops workforce capability and reduces social inequity.

“The Reform of Vocational Education changes are part of this, but it will require a more dynamic approach.”

O’Riley says as the next step EMA has called on the Government to bring a group together to drive this transformation, but the election has intervened. “Rob Fyfe continues to play a key role in some of these areas, so too does the BusinessNZ Network and the many associations and businesses we represent.

“We believe we need a tripartite Economic Transformation Group that is formed immediately after the election to lead this activity. The group requires a long-term mandate and serious support resources from the private and public sector to develop and implement its thinking.

“Here we can take a leaf out of the approach taken in Australia, with their Covid-19 Commission chaired by Neville Power.”

O’Riley says a transformation framework will provide a roadmap for what needs to change to drive growth in the sectors that will sustain the economy into the future — namely infrastructure, health, manufacturing, agritech, high-value food, creative technologies, and other technology. “Then it’s up to businesses to be really purposeful about capitalising on this opportunity for change. “They need to access all the assistance they can to recover quickly, and then move equally swiftly into the transformation stage.

“Now that really would change the mood of not just the boardroom but the country.”

Brett O’Riley’s top issues

• Top three issues facing New Zealand

Our border:

we need to make our border and immigration policy and processing a strategic advantage, through partnership with the private sector, using technology and best operational practice.

Our productivity: we need to improve business productivity across all sectors, requiring a rapid increase in the use of technology with incentives encouraging capital investment in hardware and software, retraining staff, and greater investment in research and development.

Our infrastructure: we need to develop new infrastructure faster, requiring fast-track RMA, procurement and more flexible project implementation such as operating projects 24/7.

• Top three business priorities for the next six months
Cashflow: we need as many businesses as possible to be allowed to operate during the Covid-19 alert levels.

Immigration: businesses need a properly functioning system that provides certainty in accessing skilled labour, either already onshore or through the border.

Ongoing operational issues: within the public sector response to Covid-19.



Source link